Catch-22: the final test of my master’s degree

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In order to graduate, I must submit my thesis.

To submit my thesis, I have to hand in my Nomination of Examiners Form, available from Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies as a fillable PDF. In the top-left corner, it reads, “this form must be typed.”

If you look at the fillable PDF, you’ll notice that I can’t fill in the form completely until I know who my internal reader is.

I spoke to the Philosophy Department, and they told me that they would inquire as to which professors would be able to serve as my internal reader after I hand in the Thesis Submission form and the Nomination of Examiners Form. I’m not allowed to contact professors myself to ask them to be my internal readers.

This is my final test.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1865,
    title = {Catch-22: the final test of my master’s degree},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-06-2,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/06/02/catch-22-the-final-test-of-my-masters-degree/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Catch-22: the final test of my master’s degree" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 02 Jun 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/06/02/catch-22-the-final-test-of-my-masters-degree/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Jun 02). Catch-22: the final test of my master’s degree [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/06/02/catch-22-the-final-test-of-my-masters-degree/

Another tip jar illustration

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Alien tip jar

Alien tip jar

I’ve been visiting the Java U more frequently. This is because I’m hoping to finish my thesis soon, and sometimes I need to leave my apartment to work. I can usually work fine at home, but every once in a while I just go crazy.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1848,
    title = {Another tip jar illustration},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-05-30,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/05/30/another-tip-jar-illustration/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Another tip jar illustration" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 30 May 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/05/30/another-tip-jar-illustration/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, May 30). Another tip jar illustration [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/05/30/another-tip-jar-illustration/

Human research ethics and smartphone application development

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I’m entering the final stages of working on my thesis, and not a moment too soon—I looked up my submission deadlines, and I need to make initial submission by June 13th according to the graduate studies website.

As many of you know, I’ve recently taken up iPhone application development. Less well-known is the fact that this was partly inspired by my work on my thesis. This may seem strange due to the fact that I’m working on human research ethics, and not on computer science, but stay with me.

Phase IV drug research

My thesis has to do with phase IV drug trials. “Phase IV” means that the drug has already been approved for regular medical use in humans. The problem with phase IV trials is that they are often initiated by the marketing divisions of pharmaceutical companies for the purpose of getting physicians used to prescribing the drug in question. They often have a very inefficient study design and they do not ask or answer a valuable scientific question.

Research ethics boards have a hard time criticising these studies, and often their members have to “hold their noses” and approve such studies because there would be no risk to the subjects of such research. (Of course not—the drug is being prescribed by physicians for regular medical use already!)

My thesis argues that we should criticise such studies on the basis that they threaten the integrity of the human research project. That is to say, human research is a collaborative project that requires a number of stakeholders—the drug company, physicians, human subjects, nurses, administrators, universities, research centres, hospitals, etc. All of these stakeholders come to the human research enterprise to pursue their different goals and desires, and bring different contributions to the project of human research. Because of the way that human research is set up, there are certain rules or practices that make the project of human research work better and certain rules and practices that interfere with its proper functioning.

I argue in my thesis that we should be able to criticise certain “bad” phase IV drug studies on the basis that they compromise the integrity of human research, completely aside from any paternalistic appeal to the risks or benefits that may accrue to the participants.

How is this related to iPhone app development?

Smartphone software development is also a collaborative enterprise. That is to say, there are also many parties in smartphone software development that come together with different goals and desires and contributions to the common project. There is the hardware producer, the company or organisation that produces the OS, the software developers, the vendors of both software (“app stores”) and hardware, phone companies, organisations that dictate software and hardware standards and other regulatory bodies.

All of these parties contribute different things to the collaborative project of producing smartphone offerings. All of these parties have different goals. Many of these parties overlap. For example, in the case of iPhone app development, the hardware producer, the OS developer, and the hardware and software vendor are all the same company—Apple.

Similarly to the way that certain restrictions, practices or rules on human research help these stakeholders to work together (or not), there are also restrictions, practices and rules that make smartphone development ecosystems better or worse.

These are things like pricing structures for apps, “openness” of the platform, hardware limitations and consistency, etc. Often it is actually the restrictions placed on a platform that make it thrive.

Consider this article from the BBC about the Android platform.

Even my choice to develop for the iPhone was influenced greatly by the fact that there’s only one iPhone to write for, combined with the fact that distributing the app is not a huge headache—Apple takes care of the details. That’s good and bad, but the restrictions that Apple has placed on the iOS ecosystem seem to have been conducive to producing thousands of apps.

Getting back to human research, similarly, placing restrictions on human research might actually make human research thrive better. By getting rid of “bad” phase IV studies, universities can avoid situations like the one outlined here.

This whole situation is having huge cascading effects on phase IV research and human research generally at that institution, and could have been prevented. By taking a little bit more of a “walled garden” approach to human research, we can actually make human research work better.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1748,
    title = {Human research ethics and smartphone application development},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-05-16,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/05/16/human-research-ethics-and-smartphone-application-development/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Human research ethics and smartphone application development" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 16 May 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/05/16/human-research-ethics-and-smartphone-application-development/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, May 16). Human research ethics and smartphone application development [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/05/16/human-research-ethics-and-smartphone-application-development/

My apologies

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Sorry for the short and late posts this past little while. April is a busy month. I’m marking essays and exams, holding review sessions for my students, working on a manuscript for a paper that my supervisor wants me to publish and trying to finish my thesis too.

Today, I’m going to go on campus to start marking exams for Contemporary Moral Issues. Once those exams are done, I may never have to mark anything again—ever, depending on what happens to me after I graduate. Then again, who knows? I may even apply for a job as a prof at a CEGEP, end up liking it, and then do that forever, and have to mark essays and exams for the rest of my natural life.

For the time being, though, I’m forcing myself to just work, which means reading articles, mostly on phase IV drug studies, writing about them and also marking stuff for Contemporary Moral Issues.

Soon I will do something interesting and then I will have some more interesting things to write about on here.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1698,
    title = {My apologies},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-04-28,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/04/28/my-apologies/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "My apologies" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 28 Apr 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/04/28/my-apologies/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Apr 28). My apologies [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/04/28/my-apologies/

So Apple isn’t tracking me after all

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I remember in September, I joked with my supervisor about how I was sure that Apple was tracking me through my iPod. I sort of assumed that Apple was doing that. I was okay with it. I thought maybe some day it might provide a much-needed alibi for a crime I don’t plan on committing.

Then this past week, there was a big scandal about how some people found a file on everyone’s iPhone that has a whole bunch of locations and times tagged. I even downloaded the application for the Mac that allows me to view the file on a map of the world. I thought it was pretty cool. It wasn’t very accurate though. Sometimes it would tag me as having been kilometres away from my actual position.

Now today it turns out that Apple hasn’t been tracking me after all. Those locations and times are just locations of wi-fi hotspots and cell phone towers.

It is a little bit of a let-down that Apple doesn’t care about me enough to stalk my every movement.

Google and Microsoft are doing that, though.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1691,
    title = {So Apple isn’t tracking me after all},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-04-27,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/04/27/so-apple-isnt-tracking-me-after-all/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "So Apple isn’t tracking me after all" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 27 Apr 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/04/27/so-apple-isnt-tracking-me-after-all/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Apr 27). So Apple isn’t tracking me after all [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/04/27/so-apple-isnt-tracking-me-after-all/

Some problems with Microsoft Word for Mac 2011

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Word disclosure triangles

Disclosure triangles in Word's Document Map Pane

Design flaws in Microsoft Word for Mac 2011

In my beloved typesetting programme of choice, TeXShop (a Mac front-end for LaTeX), if you click on the “Tags” drop-down menu, it gives you an ordered list of all the chapters, sections and subsections in your document, so you can see the structure of your document at a glance and skip to the part that you’re interested in.

In Microsoft Word, there’s a feature that’s similar to the one from TeXShop. If you open the “Document Map Pane,” you get a little panel along the side of your Word document window that has all the chapters, sections and subsections laid out for you.

Word even indents subsections that are nested in sections above it, so you can see the document structure that much more clearly. This is wonderful.

Finder disclosure triangles

Finder disclosure triangles

What’s confusing is that Microsoft implemented the disclosure triangles incorrectly. There are little triangles beside sections in the Document Map Pane that have subsections, so you can show or hide parts of the document structure. In every other Mac application, disclosure triangles are indented when the section that has subsections is itself a subsection.

I have attached an image of a Finder window in list view with disclosure triangles that are done properly for comparison.

When I first saw the disclosure triangles, I thought that I had somehow messed up the formatting of my document. (Here’s another reason why I wish there was a non-WYSIWYG editor for Word.) I spent a good 5 minutes trying to figure out what I had done wrong before I noticed that the text headings were indented, and that it was just either a design decision not to indent the disclosure triangles, or just a bug.

Word—Insert file

Word—Insert file

Dialog boxes vs. sheets in Microsoft Word for Mac 2011

Sometimes I think that the programmers for Microsoft Office found the most un-Mac-like way to write this programme, while still keeping it functioning.

Word opens up dialog boxes for some things (see attached image, “Word—Insert file”) and then for other things, it uses sheets (see attached image, “Word—Save as”). This is not only frustrating because it makes for an inconsistent user experience, but also because it makes the software harder to use.

Word—Save as

Word—Save as

The nice thing about sheets rather than dialog boxes is that when a sheet opens up, it’s attached to the document window. What’s nice about that? Well, I can still drag the window around while the sheet is open.

For example, when I want to insert a file, a dialog box opens up. Because it’s a dialog box, I can’t move the document window. If I try to click on the document window, I get an angry beep from my computer. Even if I try command-dragging the window, I still get the angry beep. (If you command-drag a window, in most cases you can move it without bringing it to the foreground.)

This is frustrating because when I’m inserting a file, this is exactly the time when I would want to be able to look at things behind my document window. I don’t want to have to click-click-click all the way to the file I want using the dialog box. Often, the file is sitting right on my desktop or in a Finder window right behind my document window, and if I could just see it, then I could drag the file from the Finder or my desktop onto the file selector. But I can’t because the people at Microsoft decided to use a dialog box rather than a sheet.

Other design flaws

I have written previously about how I dislike the way that Word has broken the command-up/-down function. This is one more example of how the programmers of Word have written their software in a deliberately un-Mac-like way.

Also, when I open a large file—and not even a very large file: this happens to ones that are only 6 or 7 pages long—the vertical scroll bar does not reflect the document’s length accurately at first.

You have no idea how scared I was the first time I saved, closed and re-opened the Word version of my thesis. The vertical scroll bar indicator took up most of the scroll bar, which (in every other application) means that the part of the document that is in view is most of the document. When I scrolled down (using the page-down button, since the command-down doesn’t work the way it should in Word), I found out that the rest of the document was actually still there.

Still, this is a bug. In every other programme with a scroll bar like that, the size of the indicator shows you how much of the document is visible in the window, so if you have a tiny indicator, then that means that a lot of the document is outside the view currently displayed.

For the main document view, the size of the vertical scroll bar changes to reflect the size of the document, once you’ve scrolled to the end. The Document Map Pane has the opposite problem—the vertical scroll bar is tiny tiny, no matter how many items are in there. I only have 11 items in my Document Map for chapter 1, for example. There’s space for probably 30-40 in the Document Map Pane, and yet the scroll bar is so small as to indicate (in any other context) that there were dozens of pages of items in my Document Map. If I scroll down, a tooltip appears, giving me the name of an item in my Document Map, and I have to scroll to the very bottom of the window in order to select an item that’s pretty much at the top of the Document Map Pane. This is just annoying.

Serious bugs in Microsoft Word for Mac 2011

Above were examples of things that are just design flaws. Someone could conceivably disagree with me about whether the things I pointed out were bugs or features.

I will outline one non-serious interface bug, and one more serious bug.

Interface bug with the Document Map Pane

Split view-vertical scroll bug

Split view-vertical scroll bug

When I open files for which the Document Map Pane is open, the split view button initially covers the vertical scroll bar, as shown in the attached image.

The split view button is a useful one that that you pull down when you want to view two parts of the same document but you don’t want to see the intervening space between them.

The offending split view button disappears the second that I resize the window, but it’s really annoying that I have to resize the window every time I open it, if I plan on using the vertical scroll bar.

As far as I can tell, this bug occurs because the split view is not available for some reason, when the Document Map Pane is open.

Microsoft Word for Mac 2011 crashes my computer

The most serious bug that I’ve found is that I have been able to consistently crash my computer by trying to adjust the weight of a line in the Microsoft Word publishing layout. And I do mean crash my computer, not just crash Word. The whole thing freezes up, command-option-esc doesn’t work, and I have to hold down the power key in order to get out of it.

If you want, I can provide you the file I was editing in order to make it happen, and give you instructions as to how to crash your computer too.

I can’t even remember the last time my computer crashed before this, but I am able to consistently and repeatably cause it to do so by using what I would think was a fairly simple part of the programme.

I paid a lot of money (like $1,000,000 in “grad student dollars”) for this software, and the free software did the job a whole lot better.

Maybe Microsoft will release a patch that fixes all these problems to my satisfaction. I can hope, right? ;)

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1496,
    title = {Some problems with Microsoft Word for Mac 2011},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-03-30,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/30/some-problems-with-microsoft-word-for-mac-2011/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Some problems with Microsoft Word for Mac 2011" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 30 Mar 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/30/some-problems-with-microsoft-word-for-mac-2011/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Mar 30). Some problems with Microsoft Word for Mac 2011 [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/30/some-problems-with-microsoft-word-for-mac-2011/

Rodeo explosions

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On Saturday evening, I arrived at the Bell Centre, ready for an evening at the rodeo.

I turned to my friend, and he asked me, “Why did we come here again?”

“I thought you wanted to come,” I told him.

“What? I thought you wanted to come.”

“We need to work on talking through decisions like this a bit better.”

I think I figured out the rodeo, though, in case you ever wondered: A man sits on a bull, which is eventually released from its pen. If you can sit on the bull long enough, stuff blows up. Oh, and if you’re one of the scantily-dressed girls dancing on a platform at the one end of the arena, stuff blows up for you, too.

While I was there, a couple things passed through my mind. The first was my TA-ship. This semester, I’m a TA for Contemporary Moral Issues. The first half of the semester, we were dealing with the issue of the comparative wealth and affluence of people in the West. Now, we’re working on “The Animal Question.” (The text is actually called that.) Namely, we’re talking about what is owed morally to animals.

I always had assumed that they did something terrible to the bulls to make them so jumpy for the purposes of bull-riding, like hitting them or burning them or something like that. Turns out it’s just that he doesn’t like having a guy sitting on him.

The next thing that went through my mind was my thesis. (Go figure.)

My thesis has to do with non-paternalistic justifications for protections in human research, but it is related theoretically to protections in many other fields as well. I noticed that the vast majority of the bull-riders did not wear helmets. They wore cowboy hats. That said, a rather smallish number of them did wear hockey-style helmets.

I wonder if it’s the case that most bull-riders, if you asked them privately, would say that they would prefer to wear helmets, but because of the culture and their public image and the showmanship of the whole thing, there’s pressure on them not to do so.

It might then be justifiable (and non-paternalistic) to make a rule requiring that all bull-riders wear helmets, since that is what they would actually prefer. It’s sort of analogous to how many justify a minimum wage.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1394,
    title = {Rodeo explosions},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-03-16,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/16/rodeo-explosions/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Rodeo explosions" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 16 Mar 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/16/rodeo-explosions/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Mar 16). Rodeo explosions [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/16/rodeo-explosions/

“Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research” by Wertheimer

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I’m reading this book on the advice of my supervisor, since he thinks that it will be useful in writing my thesis. He’s very right. It’s the first edition of the book that has been published, and so, as I’ve been reading it, I’ve been keeping a list of the mistakes in spelling, grammar or typography that I find in the book. If you follow me on Twitter you may have noticed that I’ve been tweeting the mistakes as I find them, too.

Apparently my supervisor and Wertheimer are academic rivals, and so my supervisor was very pleased to hear that I was doing this. He kindly offered to email it to Wertheimer himself for use in correcting future editions. :)

I’ve finally compiled all the tweets, scraps of paper and other places where I recorded the mistakes I found in “Rethinking.” Here they are:

  • Mistake, p. 5 paragraph 2, “its” should be “it’s”
  • Mistake, p. 27 paragraph 2, “requires” should be “require”
  • Mistake, p. 76 “the” shouldn’t be there
  • Typo, p. 96 closing parenthesis after “Department Meeting” is italicised
  • Typo, p. 103 “comprehend” should be negated
  • Typo, p. 111 “by passer” should be “passerby”
  • Mistake, p. 133 “A risk or a burden?” has no verb in it. Just saying.
  • Typo, p. 139 space between “society” and period before ellipsis
  • Typo, p. 139 unmatched quotes around “new miracle cures”
  • Typo, p. 145 unmatched closing quotation marks after “accept”
  • Typo, p. 171 opening quote before “it” should be closing quote after “good” in 3rd paragraph
  • Mistake, p. 181 “anymore” should be “any more” at the end of the page
  • Mistake, p. 182 “disproportionately” should be “disproportionality” in 2nd (new) paragraph
  • Mistake, p. 188 whole sentence is copied nearly verbatim.
  • Typo, p. 198 missing space after ellipsis
  • Typo, p. 200 only two points in ellipsis at end of 5
  • Typo, p. 200 need space after ellipsis in 7
  • Typo, p. 210 weird line break before “competitive” in 1st paragraph
  • Typo, p. 224 space needed after endnote 60
  • Typo, p. 269 four points in ellipsis after “reciprocity”
  • Typo, p. 280 missing period after “B accepts”
  • Typo, p. 311 four points in ellipsis before “the importance”
  • Typo, p. 312 backslash between “physician” and “investigators” in 2nd paragraph

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1365,
    title = {“Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research” by Wertheimer},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-03-8,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/08/rethinking-the-ethics-of-clinical-research-by-wertheimer/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "“Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research” by Wertheimer" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 08 Mar 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/08/rethinking-the-ethics-of-clinical-research-by-wertheimer/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Mar 08). “Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research” by Wertheimer [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/08/rethinking-the-ethics-of-clinical-research-by-wertheimer/

Miscommunication between my professor and me

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When I received feedback on the 3rd chapter of my thesis from Dr. Kimmelman, there were three really specific criticisms that didn’t make much sense to me. I went in to his office to ask about them, and he mentioned casually a paper that he had published in Science. (For people outside of academia, Science is one of the most prestigious academic journals in which to have an article published.)

“You had an article published in Science?” I asked.

“Yeah, a lot of your thesis is supposed to be based on it. Are you sure it wasn’t in that package of papers I gave you in September?”

“Pretty sure.”

“Wow. You would have had to do a lot of re-inventing of the wheel, huh?”

I have now read his paper in Science, and everything is so much clearer now. Over the weekend, I was able to write 5 pages on my thesis as a result of reading it. And it was easy writing those pages.

I feel like I’m actually getting some work done now, and like this project is manageable now. Also, I finally understand why my supervisor was so often confused by my confusion over the course of the year.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1360,
    title = {Miscommunication between my professor and me},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-03-1,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/01/miscommunication-between-my-professor-and-me/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Miscommunication between my professor and me" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 01 Mar 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/01/miscommunication-between-my-professor-and-me/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Mar 01). Miscommunication between my professor and me [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/03/01/miscommunication-between-my-professor-and-me/

Endnote X4 and Microsoft Word for Mac

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I found a solution to my reference manager problem.

Step one: (Re-)Install Endnote

I had an older version—Endnote X2 installed on my computer from last year when I went to a seminar on reference management at the McGill library. When I installed it the first time, I did not have a copy of Word on my computer. It turns out that if you install Endnote before you install Word, it doesn’t work at all. This caused me some confusion. After upgrading to Endnote X4, it automatically configured itself to work with Word automatically.

Step two: Convert BibTeX reference library to Endnote

I was really afraid that this step would take a long time. And indeed, if I were to do it all manually, it would have taken a long time. That’s why I’m glad I found this: A BibTeX to Endnote converter. It worked really well. Suspiciously well. I’m half-afraid that something is going to go terribly, terribly wrong.

Step three: Insert references into Word document

View > Toolbars > Endnote X4

Then, click on the fourth icon in the toolbar. Away you go.

Step four: Making page numbers show up in in-text citations

This one took me a while to figure out, and if you do a Google search for help on this, you’ll only end up at this unhelpful FAQ.

Here is how I tried to do it: I’d right-click my in-text citation, click Edit Citation(s) > More …, then I’d try adding the page number there, and it wouldn’t show up in my citation. I’d try a million different ways of doing this, and none worked.

Then I tried right-clicking and then choosing “Toggle Field Codes.” This showed me that the page numbers were actually being inserted correctly, but because of the citation formatting choice, it wasn’t being displayed. All I had to do was go back to “Format Bibliography,” then choose a bibliography style that displayed page numbers in in-text citations. APA, for example, works wonderfully.

Things that make me worry about EndNote X4

Maybe this is shallow of me, but for a $300 piece of software, I’d expect the programme’s icon to look a little less ugly. (Don’t worry, I didn’t pay $300 for it. McGill students can download EndNote X4 for free from the Library website.) I mean, it’s an eyesore in my Dock.

Also, the paperclip in the “attachments” column has jagged edges and is not centred correctly.

This sort of thing worries me. It makes me think things like, If they couldn’t even be bothered to fix the paperclip, what else have they let slip through the cracks?

I mean, BibDesk had a nice-looking user interface by comparison. BibDesk’s icon, while it was not beautiful, wasn’t an eyesore. And it was free. The really expensive software looks terrible, and makes me wonder if there’s other things wrong with it.

That said, I’m willing to give it a solid try. It seems to do all the things I want it to, and it has a long list of bibliography formats, including the journal to which my prof wants to submit my 3rd chapter.

BibTeX

@online{bgcarlisle2011-1352,
    title = {Endnote X4 and Microsoft Word for Mac},
    journaltitle = {The Grey Literature},
    author = {Benjamin Gregory Carlisle},
    address = {Montreal, Canada},
    date = 2011-02-25,
    url = {https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/02/25/endnote-x4-and-microsoft-word-for-mac/}
}

MLA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. "Endnote X4 and Microsoft Word for Mac" Web blog post. The Grey Literature. 25 Feb 2011. Web. 19 Jan 2019. <https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/02/25/endnote-x4-and-microsoft-word-for-mac/>

APA

Carlisle, Benjamin Gregory. (2011, Feb 25). Endnote X4 and Microsoft Word for Mac [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.bgcarlisle.com/blog/2011/02/25/endnote-x4-and-microsoft-word-for-mac/

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